Tuesday, September 10, 2013
OU graduate Joshua Kim publishes two papers based on his dissertationGraduate student Joshua Kim, who obtained his PhD in the Biomedical Sciences: Medical Physics program last spring, has recently published two articles resulting from his dissertation. The paper Algebraic Iterative Image Reconstruction Using a Cylindrical Image Grid for Tetrahedron Beam Computed Tomography appeared in the August issue of the journal Medical Physics (Volume 40, Article Number 081909). The abstract of their paper is shown below.
Purpose: To accelerate iterative algebraic reconstruction algorithms using a cylindrical image grid.
Another article by Kim, Evaluation of Algebraic Iterative Image Reconstruction methods for Tetrahedron Beam Computed Tomography Systems appeared in the International Journal of Biomedical Imaging (Volume 2013, Article Number 609704). Its abstract states
Methods: Tetrahedron beam computed tomography (TBCT) is designed to overcome the scatter and detector problems of cone beam computed tomography (CBCT). Iterative algebraic reconstruction algorithms have been shown to mitigate approximate reconstruction artifacts that appear at large cone angles, but clinical implementation is limited by their high computational cost. In this study, a cylindrical voxelization method on a cylindrical grid is developed in order to take advantage of the symmetries of the cylindrical geometry. The cylindrical geometry is a natural fit for the circular scanning trajectory employed in volumetric CT methods such as CBCT and TBCT. This method was implemented in combination with the simultaneous algebraic reconstruction technique (SART). Both two- and three-dimensional numerical phantoms as well as a patient CT image were utilized to generate the projection sets used for reconstruction. The reconstructed images were compared to the original phantoms using a set of three figures of merit (FOM).
Results: The cylindrical voxelization on a cylindrical reconstruction grid was successfully imple- mented in combination with the SART reconstruction algorithm. The FOM results showed that the cylindrical reconstructions were able to maintain the accuracy of the Cartesian reconstructions. In three dimensions, the cylindrical method provided better accuracy than the Cartesian methods. At the same time, the cylindrical method was able to provide a speedup factor of approximately 40 while also reducing the system matrix storage size by 2 orders of magnitude.
Conclusions: TBCT image reconstruction using a cylindrical image grid was able to provide a significant improvement in the reconstruction time and a more compact system matrix for stor- age on the hard drive and in memory while maintaining the image quality provided by the Cartesian voxelization on a Cartesian grid.
Tetrahedron beam computed tomography (TBCT) performs volumetric imaging using a stack of fan beams generated by a multiple pixel X-ray source. While the TBCT system was designed to overcome the scatter and detector issues faced by cone beam computed tomography (CBCT), it still suffers the same large cone angle artifacts as CBCT due to the use of approximate reconstruction algorithms. It has been shown that iterative reconstruction algorithms are better able to model irregular system geometries and that algebraic iterative algorithms in particular have been able to reduce cone artifacts appearing at large cone angles. In this paper, the SART algorithm is modified for the use with the different TBCT geometries and is tested using both simulated projection data and data acquired using the TBCT benchtop system. The modified SART reconstruction algorithms were able to mitigate the effects of using data generated at large cone angles and were also able to reconstruct CT images without the introduction of artifacts due to either the longitudinal or transverse truncation in the data sets. Algebraic iterative reconstruction can be especially useful for dual-source dual-detector TBCT, wherein the cone angle is the largest in the center of the field of view.
Kim’s research was supervised by Adjunct Professor Tiezhi Zhang of William Beaumont Hospital.