Presented and sponsored by
- The Center for Integrated Business Research and Education at Oakland University’s School of Business Administration
- Oakland University College of Arts and Sciences
- Graduate Business Leaders of Oakland University’s School of Business Administration
- Miller Canfield
- Cooley Law School
National Research University, Higher School of Economics, Moscow
Corruption has been an essential part of life in Russia – for centuries – from the Soviet Union, in the Russian Federation, and in the Russian Empire, bribes were such a natural thing. Ekaterina Mishina offers an analysis of why corruption continues to flourish in Russia and discusses how the endemic corruption will remain one of the country’s great challenges going forward, threatening the country’s independence as the criminal structure, government and big business continue merging.
From Soviet times when official corruption was clustered in the areas of health care, education and the mundane tasks of daily life, to the late 1990s when it became possible for big businesses, political factions and rich individuals to purchase favorable decisions for their unique purposes to today where many experts admit that corruption in Russia has evolved to a business, corruption is part of Russia. Independent experts maintain that corruption consumes as much as 25 percent of Russia’s gross domestic product, while a World Bank report estimates it at 48 percent, according to Transparency International. The Transparency International’s Corruption Perceptions Index shows Russia was tied for 133rd
place (out of 176 countries) with Comoros, Guyana, Hunduras, Iran and Kazakhstan. While the Institute of Modern Russia reports that the average size of bribes has increased significantly in last five years – from 9,000 Rubles in 2008 to 236,000 Rubles in 2011 – many times the inflation rate over the same period.
Professor Ekaterina Mishina, a Russian lawyer, holds her JD from Moscow State University Law School. Her insight is culled from her experience at the Constitutional Court of Russia, head of the Legal Department of Mostelcom, a Russian cable company, Information Science for Democracy Foundation, World Bank, Ford Foundation, European Union and USAID; as well as her work with the Law-Making and Club of Regional Journalism projects of the Open Russia Foundation. She was a visiting scholar at New York University, held internships in the U.S. Congress and Washington, D.C., office of Gardner, Curton & Douglas, and took part in the U.S. Department of State's U.S.-Russia Experts Forum in 2006. Since 2005 she has worked as an assistant professor for the National Research University, Higher School of Economics in Moscow, where she teaches comparative constitutional law.