Energy Management
Facilities Management Building
411 Pioneer Drive
Rochester, MI 48309-4482
(map)

Higher Ed, State Facilities

Higher Ed, State Facilities


Comparing Statewide Economic Impacts of New Generation from Wind, Coal, and Natural Gas in Arizona, Colorado, and Michigan 
NREL Technical Report May 2006 - "Initial results indicate that adding new wind power can be more economically effective than adding new gas or coal power and that a higher percentage of dollars spent on coal and gas will leave the state."

Utility Wind Integration Group has recently released a "Utility Wind Integration State of the Art"  in May 2006.
"Since wind is primarily an energy – not a capacity – source, no additional generation needs to be added to provide back-up capability provided that wind capacity is properly discounted in the determination of generation."

Wisconsin Energies Cost Impact Study on Wind Integration - Final Report July 2003
"The results obtained show that the total incremental ancillary service cost for wind integration including regulation, intra-hour load following and hour-ahead forecast uncertainty ranges from $1.90 to $2.92 per MW-hr of wind production for total system wind capacities ranging from 250 to 2,000 MW."

Minnesota - Xcel Energy Wind Integration Report - Sept 2004
"...costs of integrating 1,500MW of wind generation into the Xcel control area in 2010 are no higher than $4.60/MWhr of wind generation, and are dominated by costs incurred by Xcel to accommodate the significant variability of wind generation forecast errors for the day-ahead time frame.

Community Wind Financing 2004 
A handbook by the Environmental Law & Policy Center

US DOE Green Power Network - List of Retail Products by State 
Current listing of retail green power products per state.

US DOE Green Power Network - Large Purchasers of Green Power 
States who have begun to purchase wind power:

Universities who have begun to purchase wind power:

Pennsylvania Consortium of Wind Power Purchasers 
The state of Pennsylvania ranks 22nd in the nation in wind resource.  However, a consortium of 33 higher education institutions have joined in purchasing wind power.  Many other states and higher education institutions have done so as well.  They purchase power at a premium from Community Energy (below).

Community Energy 
This Pennsylvania based company produces a "NewWindEnergy" product.  The product consists of 100kW-hour blocks of wind power purchased directly from Community Energy or through a small number of utility companies.

Two new turbines installed in Bowling Green, Ohio in 2004 for a total of four... 
The closest wind machines to SE Michigan are now located just west of I-75 at a municipal landfill in Bowling Green, OH.   The four 1.8MW turbines are the largest wind turbines west of the Rockies. Two units installed in 2003 performed so well, Bowling Green Municipal Utilities added two more in Nov. 2004 !!!  The wind farm operated at 30% capacity and 97% availability during its first month of operation.

Articles and Publications:

National Wind Coordinating Committee Papers and Issue Briefs: