Golden Grizzlies Compliance
Recreation and Athletics Center, Room 201
569 Pioneer Drive
Rochester, MI 48309-4482
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(248) 370-2587

Playing and Practice Season Limitations

CARA
Countable Athletically Related Activities

A student-athlete's participation in countable athletically related activities (CARA) is limited to the following:

 During the Playing Season
 Outside the Playing Season
 Daily Limit: 4 Hours
 Daily Limit: 4 Hours
 Weekly Limit: 20 Hours
 Weekly Limit: 8 Hours
 At least one (1) day off per week
 At least two (2) days off per week

A competition day is considered three (3) hours of activity regardless of the actual duration of the event (includes pre-game warm-ups, shoot-around, etc.).

Coaches are required to log their team's weekly playing and practice hours with the Athletics Compliance Office.

 Countable Athletically Related Activities
 Noncountable Athletically Related Activities
  • Practices
  • Athletics meetings with a coach initiated or required by a coach
  • Competition
  • Field, floor or on-court activity
  • Required weight-training and conditioning activities
  • Required participation in camps/clinics
  • Participation outside the regular season in individual skill-related instructional activities with a member of the coaching staff
  • Discussion or review of game films
  • Visiting the competition site in cross country and golf
  • Compliance meetings
  • Meetings with a coach initiated by the student-athlete
  • Drug/alcohol educational meetings or SAAC meetings
  • Study hall, tutoring or academic meetings
  • Voluntary weight training not conducted by a coach or staff member
  • Traveling to and from the site of competition
  • Recruiting activities (e.g., student-host)
  • Training table meals
  • Community service, promotional or public relations activities including media activities
  • Physical rehabilitation

Definition of a Week: Any seven (7) consecutive days to be determined by the individual sport's discretion. Once the "week" is defined, it shall not change for the duration of the segment.

Competition Day: All competition and any associated athletically related activities on the day of competition shall count as three (3) hours regardless of the actual duration of these activities. Countable athletically related activities may not be conducted at any time (including vacation periods) following competition, except between contests, rounds or events (e.g., double-headers in baseball).

In-Season: 
The time between the team's first officially recognized practice session and the last practice session or competition. Seasons can be separated into 2 distinct segments: championship and non-championship. Sports are limited in the number of contests or days of competition they may have when they are in-season, and are also limited in the number of days that can be in their declared playing season (132 for team sports, 144 for individual sports, and 156 for indoor/outdoor track & field).

Out-of-Season: The remaining days during the academic year not included in the in-season period. Participation in up to two (2) hours of required skill instruction is permissible when a team is out-of-season.

Vacation Periods and Between Terms: Hour limitations do not apply during official institutional break periods when classes are not in session (i.e., Thanksgiving recess, Winter recess). This includes hour limitations during preseason practice prior to the first day of classes.

Travel Day:
 A travel day related to athletics participation may be considered a day off, provided no countable activities occurred.

Final Exam Period:
 When in-season, limitations do apply during final-examination periods and preparatory days leading up to final exams. When out-of season, all athletically related activities are prohibited one (1) week prior to the beginning of final exams through the conclusion of each student-athlete's exam.

Safety Exception: A coach may be present during voluntary activities (non-countable, see below) in a practice facility when students are using equipment in the sports of swimming & diving or track & field (field events, jumping hurdles and jumping element of the steeplechase only).

Voluntary Activity: 
All of the following conditions must be met for an athletically-related activity to be considered "voluntary":
  • Student-athletes are not required to report back to a coach any information related to the activity. Staff members observing activities may not report back to a coach any information related to the activity.
  • Activity must be initiated and requested solely by the student-athlete.
  • Attendance and participation in the activity (or lack thereof) may not be recorded for the purpose of reporting to coaching staff or other student-athletes.
  • Student-athletes may not be subjected to penalties should they not participate and no recognition or incentive may be awarded based on attendance or performance.
Summer
Activities
Summer Athletically-Related Activities

In general, Oakland’s coaching staff members may not organize, observe or participate in a team's workout during the summer except as noted below for basketball, sports with a safety exception and individual sports.

Student-athletes may not be required to submit summer work-out logs and progress reports. In addition, a student-athlete may not be subjected to penalty if he or she elects not to participate in a summer activity.

Summer Athletic Activities - Basketball In basketball, a student-athlete who is enrolled in summer classes may participate in required weight-training, conditioning, and skill-related instruction for up to 8 weeks (which are not required to be consecutive). Participation in such activities is limited to eight (8) hours per week with not more than two (2) hours per week spent on skill-related instruction. A basketball student-athlete who is not enrolled in summer classes may only participate in summer activities if they have a cumulative GPA over 2.2 and the student-athlete meets additional academic requirements.

Strength and Conditioning Coaches: Student-athletes may participate in voluntary conditioning activities in the presence of a strength coach, who may monitor, conduct, supervise or assist student-athletes in these activities. Strength and conditioning coaches who are not countable and perform such duties on a department-wide basis may design and conduct specific workout programs for student-athletes provided such workouts are voluntary and conducted at the request of the student-athlete.

Sport-Specific Staff Members: Staff members with sport-specific responsibilities (director of operations, etc.) may not observe or direct student-athletes participating in voluntary activities during the vacation period.

Permissible Summer Conditioning Activities: Summer conditioning drills may simulate game activities provided no offensive or defensive alignments are set up and no equipment related to the sport is used.

Student-Athlete Facility Use:
 Student-athletes may use Oakland facilities during the summer vacation period on a complimentary basis for voluntary activities.

Prospective Student-Athletes:
 In sports other than basketball, incoming student-athletes may participate in voluntary weight lifting and conditioning workouts conducted by a strength and conditioning coach provided he or she is enrolled in summer classes. In basketball, incoming student-athletes who have signed a NLI or a written offer of admission or financial aid, or who are enrolled in summer classes, may participate in voluntary weight lifting and conditioning workouts conducted by a strength and conditioning coach.

Team vs. Individual Sports:
 In individual sports (golf, swimming & diving, tennis and cross country/track & field), a coach may participate in individual-workout sessions with a student-athlete during the summer, provided the request for the assistance is initiated by the student-athlete. Team sport participants (baseball, soccer, softball, and volleyball) are not permitted to be involved in any countable athletically related activities during the summer.

Safety Exception:
 In the sports of swimming & diving and track (field events only) a coach may be present during voluntary individual workout sessions in Oakland's regular practice facilities when the student-athlete uses equipment associated with their sport. While the coach may provide safety instruction and skill instruction, the coach may not conduct the individual's workouts.